GOVERNOR GENERALS AND ACTS
The importance of the topic(GOVERNOR GENERALS AND ACTS) can be understood from the fact that it has been asked in various competitive exams again and again.Thus its very important topic from examination point of view.
Lets begin this article.
Devadasi system was abolished by Lord Reading in[Manipuri 2010]
(a) 1925 (b) 1831
(c) 1871 (d) 1919
Explanation :- Devdasi system was abolished by Lord Reading 1925.
An effective machinery for meeting famine conditions in India was evolved by[Manipur PSC 2010]
(a) Lord Curzon (b) Lord Lytton
(c) Lord Dufferin (d) Lord Hastings
Explanation:- A severe famine ravaged India during the 1876-78, when Lord Lytton was the viceroy of India. In 1878, a Famine Commission was appointed under the presidency of Richard Starchey to enquire the causes of the famine and to grant the famine relief. The Commission provided the able bodied person with employment on the basis of daily wage. Moreover it approached for the creation of the famine Fund in every province. The commission also recommended the construction of railway and the irrigation works. In this way the Indian government under Lord Lytton laid the subsequent famine policy
53).Match the items in List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below[Manipur PSC 2010]
1. Foundation of women's university A. Lord Lansdowne
2. Creation of of Bengal presidency B.Lord Curzon
3. Ancient monuments' preservation act C.Lord Hardinge II
4. Indian Councils Act of 1892 D.Lord Chelmsford.
1 2 3 4
(a) D A C B
(b) D C A B
(c) C D B A
(d) D C B A
1..Lord Lansdown was the viceroy of India from 1888-1894 and it was during his viceroylity Indian CouncilAct 1892 was passed.
2..Lord Hardinge II(1910-1916) is credited with creation of Bengal Presidency.
3.. One of the most remarkable acts passed during the times of Lord Curzon was the Ancient Monuments Preservation Act of 1904. This act made any injury to the protected monuments an offence punishable under the law.
Which Viceroy offered the setting up of a constitution making body after the
Second World War?[Manipur PSC 2010]
(a) Lord Wavell
(b) Lord Mountbatten
(c) Lord Linlithgow
(d) Lord Willingdon
Answer :- (a)
Explanation :- Lord Wavell was viceroy of India 1st October-1943 to 21st Febuary 1947).He offered the setting up of a constitution making body after world war II.
Who was the only British Viceroy killed in India?[Manipur PSC 2010]
(a) Lord Curzon
(b) Lord Dufferin
(c) Lord Ripon
(d) Lord Mayo
Explanation:-Lord Mayo (1869-72) was assassinated in the Andomans in 1872.
The Widow Remarriage Act was passed during the Governor-Generalship of :[KAS 2010]
Explanation:- Window re marriage act was passed in 1856 during the governorship of Lord Canning (1857-57 ,1858-62) He was last British Governor- General & first viceroy of India.
During whose tenure the resolution of Total Independence was passed ?[KAS 2010]
(a) Lord Chelmsford
(b) Lord Wavell
(c) Lord Irwin
(d) Lord Willington
Explanation :- The resolution of total independence( Poorna Swaraj) was passed in Lahore session of congress in 1929 it was tenure of Lord Irwin (1926-31)
Who proposed the Communal Award ?[KAS 2010]
(a) Lord Minto
(b) Lord Atlee
(c) Lord Macdonald
(d) Strafford Cripps
Explanation:- Communal Award was proposed by British P.M Ramsay Macdonald on 16th August 1932.
Separate electorate for Muslims was introduced by[KAS2009]
(a)Act of 1891
(b)Act of 1909
(c)Act of 1919
(d)Act of 1935
Explanation:-One of the important features of Act of 1909 ( Morley-Minto reforms)was separate electorate for Muslims .
Which English Governor of East India Company in India was expelled by Aurangzeb ? [MPPSC 2009]
)b) Sir John Child
(c) Sir John Gayer
(d) Sir Nicholas Waite
Explanation:- Sir John Child, 1st Baronet (died 1690) was a governor of Bombay, and de facto (although not officially) the first governor-general of the British settlements in India. War broke out with Aurangzeb in 1689, but in the following year Child had to sue for peace, one of the conditions being that he should be expelled from India. He escaped this expulsion by his death.
Which Act transferred power from the Company to the Crown in India?[Assam PSC 2009]
(a) Act of 1861
(b) Act of 1892
(c) Act of 1858
(d) Act of 1853
Explanation :- Government of India Act 1858 provided that India was to be governed directly and in the name of the crown. This act abolished the company rule, abolished the Court of directors and abolished the Board of control.
The Indian National Congress was founded during the viceroyalty of [Assam PSC 2009]
(a) Lord Canning
(b) Lord Dufferin
(c) Lord Amherst
(d) Lord Curzon
Answer ( b)
Explanation :-Indian National Congress was founded in 1885 , at this time Lord Duffrin (1884-88) was the viceroy of India.
The Indian Civil Service was introduced by[OPSC 2006]
Answer :-( c)
Explanation:- The C.S.I has been started in India by Lord Cornawalls . Lord Cornawalls was governor general of India from 1786 to1793.
The British Governor - General, who defeated Tipu Sultan and captured Mysore in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War in 1799, was[Andra PSC 2004]
(a) Warren Hastings
(b) Lord Cornwallis
(c) Lord Wellesley
(d) The Marquess of Hastings
Explanation :-Lord Wellesley was governor general of India from 1798-1805 .He defeated the Tipu Sultan and annexed Mysore in 4th Anglo- mysore war in 1799.
The Governor-General of India, who proposed shifting the Indian capital from Calcutta toDelhi, was[Andra PSC 2004]
(a) Lord Hardinge – II
(b) Lord Curzon
(c) Lord Dufferin
Answer :- (a)
Explanation :- The capital of British was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911 the Viceroy this time was Lord Hardinge II (1910-1916)
.English education in India was introduced by[Andra PSC 2003]
(a). Lord Curzon
Explanation:- Thomas Babinton Macauly is credited with the official introduction of English Education in India though the necessary order on subject was issued by Lord Willam Bentinck.
The Crown took over the Government of India by[Andra PSC 2003]
(a). The Charter Act of 1833
(b). The Act of 1858
(c). The Indian Council Act of 1861
(d). Pitt’s India Act 1784
Explanation:- The Crown took over the govt . of India by the act of 1858 the office of governor general was replaced by office of vice- roy.
Who was the Prime Minister of England when the Indian Independence Act was passed ?[Andra PSC 2003]
(d). Lloyd George
Answer ( a)
Explanation :- Clement Attlee was the leaders of labour party & served as Britian’s P.M form 1945-1951. It is he who passed Indian independence act 1947.
Who was the last Governor General of India ?[Andra PSC 2003]
(b). Lord Mounbatten
(c). Rajendra Prasad
Explanation :-C.Rajgopal Achari proparly kown as Rajaji was the last governor general of India from 21st june 1948-26th -june1950.He is only Indian to hold this post.
Sir Edwin Lutyens was the architect of the city of[Andra PSC 2002]
Explanation:- ‘Lutyens Delhi’ is an area in New Delhi named after the leading British Architect Edwin Lutyens (1868-1944) who was responsible for the much of the architect design of buildings when India was a part of British empire.
Who was the only Governor - General / Viceroy who met with his death by assassination in India ?[Andra PSC 2002]
(a) Lord Wellesley
(b) Lord Clive
(c) Lord Mayo
(d) Lord Minto
Answer :- (c)
Explanation:- Lord Mayo was assisnated in 1872 by a convict in the Andaman.
Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists :
(Governor General) (Important Policy)
A. Lord Cornwallis 1.Partition of Bengal.
B. Lord Wellesley 2. . Doctrine of Lapse
C. Lord Dalhousie 3. Permanent Settlement
D. Lord Curzon 4. Subsidiary Alliance
(a) A B C D
3 4 2 1
(b) A B C D
3 1 4 2
(c) A B C D
1 2 4 3
(d) A B C D
3 2 4 1
1.. The Permanent Settlement formulated in 1793, by the Company administration headed by Charles, Earl Cornwallis. It is also known as the Cornwallis Code.
2.. The Subsidiary Alliance System was used by Wellesley to bring the Indian states within the boundary of the British political power.
3.. The Doctrine of Lapse was an Annexation Policy introduced by the British East India Company. Lord Dalhousie, the Governor General of India between 1848 and 1856 devised this policy and incorporated seven states including Maratha states of Santara, Jhansi, Awadh etc.
4.. The partition of Bengal (1905) was the most important event during the rule of Lord Curzon.
Who was appointed Deputy Diwan of Murshidabad (Bengal) by Rebort clive after the Allahabad Treaty ? [ BPSC 2002]
(a) Mohd, Reza Khan
(b) Raja shitab Rai
(c) Rai Durlab
(d) Syed Gulam Hussain
Answer :- (a)
Explanation :- Treaty of Allaha abad (1765) was signed between Shah Alam II and Rebort Clive. As per the treaty Mohmad Raza Khan was appointed the deputy diwan of Murshidabad
Which of the following Indians was appointed as Dupty Diwan of Bihar by Rebort clive? [BPSC 2001]
(a) Omi Chind
(b) Manik Chand
(c) Rai Durlabh
(d) Raja Shitab Rai
Explanation :- As per treaty of Allahabad Raja Shitab Rai was appionted as the dupty diwan of Bihar by Rebort Clive.
(To be continued)