Topic Wise Analysis of Previous Solved Papers.

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During the reign of which Mughal ruler did the English East India Company established its first factory in India[IAS 2008]
Answer:- (b)
Explanation:- East India Company opened their factory at Surat in 1613.It was the reign of 4th  Mughal ruler  Jahangir who ruled India from 1605 to 1627.

. The ruler of which on of the following states was removed from power by the British on the pretext of misgoverning.[IAS 2007]
 (a). Awadh                                         
(b). Jhansi  
(c). Nagpur                                          
(d). Satara  
Answer:- (a)
Explanation:- East India Company under the governorship of Lord Dollhouse(1848-1856) annexed Awadh in 1856 and disposed off its last Nawab wajid Ali Khan  on the pretext of misgovernment 

In the year 1613, where was the English East India Company given permission to set up a factory (trading post) ?[IAS 2006]
 (a) Bangalore                     (b) Madras
 (c) Masulipatam               (d) Surat
Answer:- (d)
Explanation:- Mughal emperor Jahangir (1605-1627) permitted East India Company to open it first factory at Surat in 1613.
4)Consider the following Princely states of the British rule in India[IAS 2004]
The correct chronological order in which they were annexed by the British is
Answer:- (c)
Explanation:- Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India from 1848 to 1856.He formulated “Doctrine of Lapse” to annex Princely states.The given princely states were annexed in following chronological order.
Satara(1848),Sambalpur(1849) and Jhansi(1854).

Consider the following statements : [IAS 2004]
 1. In the Third Battle of Panipat, Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated Ibrahim Lodi. 
2. Tipu Sultan was killed in the Third Anglo-Mysore War
 3. Mir Jafar entered in a conspiracy with the English for the defeat of Nawab Siraj-ud- daulah in Battle of Plassey. 
 8).Which of these statements given above is/are correct?  
(a) 1, 2 and 3                   
(b) 3 only
 (c) 2 and 3                      
(d) None  
Answer:- (b)
1.Ahmad Shah Abdali defeated Marathas(not Ibrahim Lodi) in third battle of Panipat.
2.Tipu Sultan was killed on 4th May 1799 during Fourth Anglo-Mysore war.

.Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?[IAS 2004] 
 List I (Period)                                                  List II (Wars) :
1.  1767-69.AD   First Anglo-Maratha War :
2.  1790-92 . AD   Third Mysore War :
 3.  1824-26 4.AD   First Anglo-Burmese War 
 4.  AD 1845-46 AD Second Sikh War
  Select the correct answer using the codes given below 
(a) 2 and 4                                      
 (b) 3 and 4 
(c) 1 and 2                                      
(d) 2 and 3
Answer:- (d)
1.First Anglo Maratha war was fought from 1775 to 1782 and ended with the Treaty of Salbai.
2.Third Anglo-Mysore war fought from 1790 to 1792 and ended with the treaty of Seringapatam.
3.Second Anglo-Sikh war was fought from 1848 to 1849.
4.First Anglo-Burmese war was fought from 1824 to 1826 and ended with Treaty of Yandaboo. 

which of the following pair  is correctly  matched .  [IAS 1995] 
(a)Battle  of  Buxar –Mir Jafar  vs  clive .
(b)Battle of wandiwash  -French vs    East India Company.
(c)Battle of  chillianwala – Dalhousie vs Marathas
 (d)Battle of kharda –Nizam  vs  East India  Company
Answer:- (b)
1.Battle of Buxar was fought between Mir Qasim,Shaju dullah,Shah Alam II  and  India Company 1664.
2.Battle of Chillianwala was fought during Second Anglo-sikh war (1848-1849) in the Chillianwala region of Punjab(now in Pakistan).
3.The battle of Kharda took place in 1795 between Nizam and Peshwa Mahavrao II, in this battle Nizam was badly defeated.
 The first Indian ruler  who Joined the   subsidiary Alliance  was[IAS-1993]
(a)  The  Nawab  Oudh         
(b)The Nazim   of  Hyderabad 
(c)Peshwa  Baji Rao II         
(d)The  king  of   Travancore.
Answer:- (b)
Explanation:-Subsidiary Alliances was a system of alliances introduced by Lord Wellesley (1798-1805) to increase the British influence in the Indian states without actually annexing them.Nizam of Hyderabad was the first to enter into such an alliances.Nawab of Oudh was the next to accept the subsidiary alliances.After the third Anglo-Maratha war,Maratha ruler Baji Rao II also accepted the Subsidiary Alliances.

.He was given the title of Nizam-ul-Mulk. He was made the Governor of the Deccan. He founded the Asaf Jahi dynasty. His successors are called the Nizams of Hyderabad. Identify him : [Maharashtra PSC 2014]
(a) Chin Qilich Khan             
(b) Murshid Quli Khan 
(c) Saadat Khan                      
 (d) Husain Ali Khan
Answer:-  (a)
1.Mir Qamar-ud-din Khan Siddique received the title of Chin Qilich Khan from Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1697.
2.Received the title of Khan i Khan,Nizamul Mulk from Mughal Emperor Farrukh Siyar on 12 January 1713.And since then the rulers of Hyderabad are known as Nizams.
3. Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah confirmed him with the title of Asaf Jha on 12 July 1737 and therefore he is founder Asaf Jha dynasty of Hyderabad.

Maratha power suffered from certain basic weaknesses which led to its downfall. Which of the following was not one among them ? [Maharashtra PSC 2014]
(a) The nature of their political system the Marathas alienated the sympathies of other people. 
(b) Their raids into the territories of other rulers made new enemies.
 (c) The levies charged by them added to the oppression of the common people, particularly peasants and traders. 
(d) None of the above
Explaination:- All the given options are the main causes of Maratha downfall in india.In addition to these there were other causes also like inept Leadership,Inherent defects in the Maratha state and Superior English diplomacy are few to mention.


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